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Understanding Microsoft Windows Server 2012

Understanding Microsoft Windows Server 2012
By Saba Zehra Rizvi


Keeping the data secure with proper backup and making it available for many people was a tedious task in earlier days, especially for the organizations that dealt with a big amount of data. With several issues being faced that led to loss of data and accessibility troubles, it became immensely important to be careful and keep the information safe at some place.

Hence, by focusing on the issue faced by innumerable organizations, the concept of servers was introduced. With the aid of servers, an individual or organization could now store the data and access it anytime & anywhere.

Let's have a better understanding about how a server works, what companies are into this market, who are the users, and what can be the benefits of relying upon servers.

What is a Server?

A server is usually a program or a machine that responds to other machines or programs that request data from it. The central motive of using a server is to share data between clients. This transfer of data from server to the client is known as the client-server architecture. The clients have an option to get connected on the same machine or to different machines connected through a network.

What is Windows Server?

Windows, the product of Microsoft, started its journey long back and with time it became important for computer users, worldwide. Microsoft not only launched Windows, but has made its presence by introducing varied products that have been helping users over decades.

Windows Server, another product introduced by Microsoft, is a group of Operating Systems. It is based on the Windows NT architecture, which is capable of offering server-oriented services like User Management, Messaging, Security and Authorization, Resource Management among Users and Applications, and other Server-dependent Services.

What is Windows Server 2012?

Windows Server 2012, the 6th release, is the present-day version of Microsoft Server. The product was previously named as Windows Server 8. This up-to-date version incorporates the recent concepts of Cloud Computing and follows a better Storage Infrastructure. However, its successor, Windows Server 2012 R2, has also been launched with the introduction of Windows 8.1.

Windows Server 2012 Editions: 

Windows Server 2012 has various editions that were launched by Microsoft depending upon the segment of users. Windows has launched four editions with different combinations that can sound economic to the users depending upon the needs they have.

Every edition has some specific features that make data management easier than before. Explained below are the four editions:

Datacenter - Highly virtualized, with unlimited virtual instance rights

Standard - Little virtualization, with two virtual instances

Essentials - Small Business for simple administration, with no virtualization rights

Foundation - Entry level, general purpose economy server, with no virtualization rights

Features of Windows Server 2012:

New Server Manager: Under this feature, users can create server groups that consist of servers already existing on the user's network. These can be managed via new user experience.

Hyper V-Replication: The feature called Hyper V-replica enables the user to replicate the virtual machine from one location to another, using Hyper V and a network connection.

Storage Spaces: This is also one of the prominent features under which the server takes the storage hardware and converts it into a pool of storage that's further divided into spaces. These spaces are used as regular disks used for storage.

Dynamic Access Control: Under this feature, the access to information can be controlled or restricted. This feature removes the tedious task of selecting the Yes/No permission while giving accessibility rights to other users.

IP Address Management: Windows Server 2012 offers an IPAM suite. Under this suite, users can allocate, group, issue, lease or renew the IP address. Along with this, integration with the in-box DHCP and DNS Servers is also possible. If any device is on the network, it can also be managed with this suite.

Microsoft not only provides the products, instead it offers an opportunity to know more about them. The ones, who are keenly interested in gaining in-depth knowledge about Windows Server 2012, can visit Microsoft's website, and take a look at the various certification options available.

Proper guidance and training before taking up any exam is always a wise choice. If the learners want every inch of information about it, they may visit: http://www.multisoftvirtualacademy.com/mcsa-server-2012-online-training-courses.php